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Category:Speed Information

Filesize (how big a file is on your computer) is usually measured in units of "kilobytes," "megabytes," and "gigabytes."

In this computing (binary, but not data transfer) usage, 'K' (uppercase) represents a multiplier of 1,024.
Other abbreviations use this same base of 1,024:

• 1 KB (one KiloByte) = 1,024 Bytes (approximately 1 thousand Bytes)
• 1 MB (one MegaByte) = 1,024 KB (approximately 1 million Bytes)
• 1 GB (one GigaByte) = 1,024 MB (approximately 1 billion Bytes)

Data transfer speed on the other hand is expressed in bits. In bit rates the abbreviations are as follows:

• 1 kbps = 1,000 bits per second
• 1 Mbps = 1,000,000 bits per second.
• 1 Gbps = 1,000,000,000 bits per second.

kbps (kilobits/sec) means thousands of bits per second
mbps or Mbps (megabits/sec) means millions of bits per second
gbps or Gbps (gigabits/sec) means billions of bits per second (where "billion"= 1,000,000,000.00")
tbps (terabits/sec) means trillions of bits per second (as in "terabit router" or "terabit speeds")
pbps (petabits/sec) means quadrillions of bits per second.

Because there are 8 bits in a Byte, to get a bit-rate (speed) from values given in Bytes,
you must multiply the total number of Bytes by 8.

Conversely, to get KB/s values from bit rates, you must divide the total number of bits by 8, then divide by 1,024.

For converting KB/s to kbps (bit rate from Byte values), the equation is basically as follows:

<K> KiloBytes * 1,024 = <t> total Bytes

<t> total Bytes * 8 = <b> bits

<b> bits / 1,000 = <k> kilobits

For example:

30 KB/s * 1,024 = 30,720 Bytes per second
30,720 Bytes per second * 8 = 245,760 bits per second
245,760 bits per second (bps) / 1,000 = (approximately) 246 kbps (245.8 kb/s)

And for kbps to KB/s (Byte values from bit rates), you switch the equations:
<k> kilobits per second * 1,000= <b> total bits per second; <b> bits / 8 = <t> total Bytes per second; and <t> / 1,024 = <K> KiloBytes per second.
For example: 128 kbps (k) = 128,000 bits per second (k*1000=b) = 16,000 Bytes per second (b/8=t) , or about 15.6 KB/s (t/1,024=K) .